Meet NASA's robot helicopter of Mars

Уфологи обнаружили на Марсе мертвого пришельца принесенного в жертву

Уфологи обнаружили на Марсе мертвого пришельца принесенного в жертву

Nasa is working toward a future when humans will walk on the surface of Mars.

NASA announced Friday it will send the Mars Helicopter to the red planet with the previously announced Mars 2020 rover, set to launch in two years from Florida. The views from a helicopter flying across Mars will also provide Nasa with a stellar public relations tool as it seeks global support for sending humans to the planet in the 2030s or later.

In order to design a flying vehicle that would actually work on another planet, NASA scientists faced a number of challenges. Mars's helicopter gives many promises for future scientific exploration missions on Mars, "said NASA commander Jim Bridenstine, who is in charge of the drone machine". As a technology demonstration, the Mars Helicopter is considered a high-risk and a high-reward project. The aircraft also weighs less than four pounds (1.8 kilograms), according to NASA's website.

To handle the planet's atmosphere, scientists have equipped the aircraft with rotating blades that are almost 10 times faster than those of a typical helicopter, clocking in at 3,000 rpm (revolutions per minute).

Due to the atmospheric difference between Earth and Mars, the helicopter will be the equivalent of 100,000 feet in the air at home when it is on the ground on Mars.

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It will be attached to the belly pan of the Mars 2020 rover and placed on the surface upon finding a suitable site after the rover's February 2021 landing. But if it does work, helicopters could have a future as low-flying scouts and aerial vehicles to access locations not reachable by ground travel. Controllers from Earth will deliver commands to the helicopter to take its first autonomous flight after its batteries are charged and tests are conducted.

"We don't have a pilot, and Earth will be several light-minutes away, so there is no way to joystick this mission in real time", Aung said.

But JPL has made sure that the Mars Helicopter has everything it needs to fearless the rough environment on the Red Planet.

NASA plans to use the Mars Helicopter on five flights over the course of 30 days, covering distances up to a few hundred metres in 90 seconds or less. On its first flight, the helicopter will make a short vertical climb to 10 feet (3 meters), where it will hover for about 30 seconds.

"We're very excited about this and the potential it has for opening up a whole new paradigm for how to explore Mars", said David Lavery, the program executive for solar system exploration at NASA headquarters. No aircraft has ever taken off from the surface of another planet.

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